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Ever since the welfare reform of the late 1990’s, greater attention has been paid to the child-only welfare households. These are the households in which only the children are eligible to receive TANF funding, due the SSI or immigrant status of their parents or because they are living with non-parent relative caregivers. Studies have begun to look at the specific problems facing these households. One by Dunifon, M. Hamilton, S. Hamilton, and Taylor (2004) looked specifically at these households across New York State and thus serves as a point of comparison for the findings of this study, which focus on a more specific, rural region of New York, Madison County. Findings indicate that child-only households are struggling economically even with government and community benefits, that the caretakers and children have severe health problems, and that the children are often struggling academically.



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