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This installment of our continuing column on the connections between educational psychology and student library work explores the important roles of goal setting, mindset, and self-regulation. We describe how reference librarians may support students' goal selection and help students develop positive attitudes toward library research. Librarians' efforts to help students successfully complete library-related assignments can be enhanced by understanding the mechanisms of self-regulation.


Co-authored with James D. Allen, Ph.D. This is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in The Reference Librarian, 2017, available online:

Revised version published as Chapter 2 of Educational Psychology for Academic Librarians at



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