The relationship between science and religion is largely conceptualized within two particular paradigms. One viewpoint holds that science and religion are mutually exclusive realms with no basis for meaningful interaction, as they are concerned with radically different facets of existence. This position is typified by the cliché that, “science asks ‘how?’ religion asks ‘why?’” Others have seen science and religion as antithetical opposites, arguing that one must be privileged at the expense of the other. The tension between biblical literalists and scientific materialists is particularly illustrative of this position. Yet there are those who see the relationship between science and religion in more reconciliatory terms; they are dissatisfied with the idea that the two can be neatly compartmentalized and separated, or that only one can offer a means of knowing the truth.
"The Possibilities and Limitations of Theology of Nature as a Reconciliatory Strategy between Science and Religion,"
Colgate Academic Review: Vol. 6
, Article 4.
Available at: https://commons.colgate.edu/car/vol6/iss1/4