Knowledge of educational psychologist K. Ann Renninger’s (2009) Four Phases of Interest Development can enhance librarians’ effectiveness in reference transactions. The Phases of Interest Development model is based on the proposition that interest is based on “triggers” capable of shifting learners’ thinking by introducing surprise, novelty, unexpected complexity or cognitive dissonance. These “triggers” share many characteristics with the “threshold concepts” embedded in the Framework for Information Literacy. The Four Phases of Interest Development are: 1) triggered situational interest, 2) maintained situational interest, 3) emerging individual interest and 4) well-developed individual interest.
Steve Black. (2017). Enhance Your Reference Skills by Knowing the Four Phases of Interest Development. Paper presented at Association of College and Research Libraries. At the Helm: Leading Transformation: The Proceedings of the ACRL 2017 Conference, March 22–25, 2017, Baltimore, Maryland, edited by Dawn M. Mueller. Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries. PDF online