Stephen West


During the period of colonization, the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa were exploited by the colonizing powers for their resources and manpower. After these powers left, the countries were rife with poverty and could not set up governments that satisfied their people. This paper examines the Soviet Union’s view of potentially revolutionary conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa, and how these nations fit into a system of class consciousness that was the basis for Marxist-Leninist communism. Nikita Khrushchev’s foreign policy expanded Soviet influence in these nations by offering aid in order to promote communist national liberation movements. This foreign aid was controversial both in the Soviet Union as well as the rest of the world, and was ultimately discontinued after Khrushchev was overthrown. Was this aid successful in promoting communist revolutions, or was it a waste of Soviet resources?